Month: August 2019
(PhysOrg.com) — Scientists used to think that Jupiter and its moons – and most other bodies orbiting far from the Sun – were cold, icy, and probably barren. When the Voyager spacecraft flew by in the late ’70s, its images of liquid on Jupiter’s moons surprised scientists. The images showed that the moon Io had liquid sulfur volcanoes, and the moon Europa contained a liquid ocean under the frozen crust. Citation: Scientist Explains Why Jupiter’s Moon Europa Could Have Energetic Liquid Oceans (2008, December 12) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-12-scientist-jupiter-moon-europa-energetic.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Scientists weren’t sure why Europa’s liquid oceans didn’t freeze when they’re so far from the Sun. Generally, researchers thought that Jupiter kept Europa’s oceans warm by generating tidal forces on the moon, which caused the moon to flex during its eccentric orbit, and this energy caused the oceans to heat up. A top layer of ice would insulate the liquid underneath, trapping the heat. Now, a recent study published in Nature has proposed another heating method, one that could provide considerably larger amounts of heat to maintain more energetic liquid oceans on distant moons. As author Robert Tyler, an oceanographer from the University of Washington, explains, Jupiter may keep Europa’s oceans warm by generating large planetary waves on the moon. Since Europa tilts on its axis (just like the Earth and many other celestial bodies do), a previously unconsidered kind of tidal force could generate planetary waves called Rossby waves. Owing to our planet’s oblique orbit, Earth also has Rossby waves that travel from East to West across its oceans.Although Rossby waves travel quite slowly, at just a few kilometers per day, they can generate significant kinetic energy. Tyler calculated that if Europa has an axial tilt of just one degree, the resonance from Rossby waves would produce 7.3 x 1018 J of kinetic energy, which is two thousand times larger than that of the flow excited by the dominant tidal forces.If true, the warming method could mean that Europa’s oceans aren’t as calm as previously thought. Under the icy surface layer, very energetic oceans could be sloshing around, Tyler said. He added that the same warming method could apply to other moons of Jupiter and Saturn. Previous studies have suggested that energetic oceans could offer an environment with a higher potential for life, although other factors – such as the ocean’s chemistry – would also play important roles.More information: Tyler, Robert H. “Strong ocean tidal flow and heating on moons of the outer planets.” Nature 456, 770-772 (11 December 2008), doi:10.1038/nature07571 via: Arstechnica and National Geographic© PhysOrg.com Explore further The Galileo spacecraft took this image of Europa, which is about the size of Earth’s moon, in 1996. Image credit: NASA. Super salty, subzero Arctic water provides peek at possible life on other planets
Verizon, Apple discussing iPhone Explore further © 2009 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — The largest wireless carrier in the US, Verizon Wireless, is thought to be in negotiations with Apple to release a CDMA network version of the iPhone later this year, if a price can be agreed upon. The iPhone is available from multiple carriers in many countries, but in the US a deal with AT&T meant they had exclusive rights to market the smartphone. That deal is expected to expire in the summer of 2010, leaving the way open for other carriers. Apple originally approached Verizon before AT&T (then Cingular) but at the time Verizon thought the phone was priced too high.Verizon has expressed interest in carrying Apple’s iPhone, and the two companies are believed to be in negotiations, according to Maynard J. Um, an analyst with UBS Investment Research. Um wrote to investors recently saying that he believed a CDMA-iPhone may be released, but that Verizon and Apple disagreed on the price structure. Current estimates are that Apple gets an average selling price of around $700 per iPhone, which is subsidized by AT&T, while the average selling price of the Motorola Droid, which is exclusive to Verizon, is about $450.The exclusivity deal between Apple and AT&T has led to some potential iPhone users not buying the phone until there is a choice of carrier, while others who have the phone have dropped it through frustration with AT&T. This has given Apple an incentive to find an alternative carrier, since it is widely believed the deal with AT&T will not be renewed.Chip maker Qualcomm is believed to be planning to release dual-carrier chips in the second half of this year. The hybrid chipsets would enable phones to work on CDMA/EVDO carriers such as Sprint and Verizon as well as on the UMTS/HSPA carriers such as T-Mobile and AT&T. The timing suggests Apple could not release a dual-mode phone this year, and the first phones containing the dual-carrier chip would probably not appear until 2011.Apple is also likely to launch its iPhone via carriers operating CDMA networks in Japan or China later this year. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: CDMA iPhone may be coming soon (2010, January 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-01-cdma-iphone.html
(PhysOrg.com) — Willow Garage, the Menlo Park, California-based consortium of robotics experts, founded by Scott Hassan in 2006 to create or develop hardware and open source software for the advancement of robotics, has announced the release of TurtleBot; a small home use robot for either amusement/entertainment purposes, or for those inclined, to build open source applications to add to the functionality of the new robot. Willow Garage’s PR2 robot learns to play pool (w/ Video) Citation: Willow Garage introduces affordable, programmable robot – TurtleBot (2011, April 6) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-04-willow-garage-programmable-robot-.html While the team at Willow Garage would most certainly like to make some money off their new robot, they appear to be more concerned with advancing the science of robotics, exemplified by the use of open-source programming tools and low-cost existing hardware. Explore further The idea behind TurtleBot, is to give novice robotics enthusiasts a base upon which to build. Traditionally, those that like to tinker with robots have had to start from scratch every time they wanted to build something; the TurtleBot does away with that concept by supplying users with a base upon which they can build, as the TurtleBot comes fully functional. Out of the box it can map your house with its 3-D vision, bring you food, take 360 degree panorama pictures and follow you around etc. But it also comes with the Robot Operating System (ROS) and associated toolkit, so that if users wish to add or change functionality, they are free to do so, and because its open source, anything they create can be shared with friends or those involved in online robotics communities. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com TurtleBot: A Mobile Base and Power Board, B 3D Sensor, C Computing :: ASUS 1215N, D TurtleBot Hardware. Another objective of the TurtleBot team was to show that such a device could be put on the market for a reasonable price; in this case $500, for a very basic unit, and $1200 for the fully loaded version. Far below what robot enthusiasts have come to expect to pay.The TurtleBot team was able to meet their objective by using virtually off the shelf components. It uses Microsoft’s Connect for sensing, an iRobot Create base, a 3000 mAh battery pack, an Asus 1215N laptop and a stock gyro to help the little guy keep its balance. The TurtleBot looks like a kitchen footstool on wheels but is perfectly capable of navigating around your house with relative ease.
Scientists in Scotland are turning to cows and the tiny organisms and enzymes found in their stomachs for a potential way to create industrial products such as biofuels from plant waste and plan to unveil their ideas at a presentation next month in Edinburgh. The research was conducted by Professor John Wallace from the Rowett Institute in Aberdeen, the life science company Ingenza and the ARK-Genomics facility in the Roslin Institute. Wallace plans to give a presentation on August 4th at a technology event presented by the Scottish Agricultural College.The research has looked at the enzymes that are found in the stomachs of cows and other ruminants, or animals that chew cud. These animals, unlike humans, have the ability to break down tough tree and plant matter.Wallace believes that by identifying these enzymes and replicating them on a large scale, it may become possible to use them to break down plant waste and create renewable energy alternatives such as diesel fuel and petrol.If the researchers are able to identify the enzymes, Ingenza plans to use its current production systems to mass produce them.While researchers have been looking at various ways to unlock the possible energy potential in plant and tree matter, Dr. Ian Fotheringham, President of Ingenza, believes that instead of looking for new ways to do this, turning to nature could be more productive. Cows already have the ability to break down this plant matter. Harnessing this successful natural ability on an industrial level could be the key many scientists have been looking for. German microbiologists aim to optimize bio-ethanol production Explore further © 2010 PhysOrg.com Citation: Cows may hold the key to greener fuels (2011, July 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-cows-key-greener-fuels.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further The team contrived an experiment based on prior research that has suggested, but not shown, a link between molecules separated in space that are able to interact with one another – but are not separated in time (coherence) and the way energy flows in plants that use photosynthesis to, in effect, create their own food from the air.Prior to this new research, scientists have been able to observe coherence in the protein cells involved in harvesting light in certain bacteria, which appeared to last longer than it rightfully should have; first only at very cold temperatures, then later, in virtually all plants at room temperature. This caused physicists to theorize that there must be a very efficient system of transferring energy going on, whereby some means was allowing every conceivable chlorophyll path to be “mapped” simultaneously, allowing for a shortest route to be chosen before any processing actually began; hence the theorizing that quantum effects may be at work.To find out for sure, the team studied the way lasers fluctuated as they moved through the antenna proteins, keeping track of the way the fluctuations shifted. In so doing they found an obvious link between the fluctuations and the way energy flowed that could easily be described by common trigonometric functions. This result means the team was able to demonstrate in a clear way, that coherence really is involved in the way that energy is transported during photosynthesis, which means that as far as photosynthesis is concerned, micro-biologists are likely going to have to go back and take a new fresh look at what is really going on in a process that was up till now, thought to be rather well understood.The research team, led by Greg Engel, sum up their findings by succinctly noting that the simple protein cells found in plants obviously play a more vital role in photosynthesis than anyone previously thought. Quantum entanglement in photosynthesis and evolution (PhysOrg.com) — Researchers working together from the University of Chicago and Washington University in St. Louis, have found more evidence that suggests quantum effects are at play as plants use energy from the sun to turn carbon dioxide into organic compounds. As they write in their paper, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, there appears to be a link between coherence and the way energy flows in plants. © 2011 PhysOrg.com Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: G. Panitchayangkoon, D.V. Voronine, D. Abramavicius, J.R. Caram, N. Lewis, S. Mukamel, and G.S. Engel, “Direct Evidence of Quantum Transport in Photosynthetic Light-harvesting Complexes.” PNAS (accepted) 2011The Engel group page: engelgroup.uchicago.edu/index.htmlvia Wired Citation: Researchers find more evidence of quantum processes at work in photosynthesis (2011, December 7) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-12-evidence-quantum-photosynthesis.html
More information: Ambient-Temperature Isolation of a Compound with a Boron-Boron Triple Bond, Science, 15 June 2012: Vol. 336 no. 6087 pp. 1420-1422. DOI: 10.1126/science.1221138ABSTRACTHomoatomic triple bonds between main-group elements have been restricted to alkynes, dinitrogen, and a handful of reactive compounds featuring trans-bent heavier elements of groups 13 and 14. Previous attempts to prepare a compound with a boron-boron triple bond that is stable at ambient temperature have been unsuccessful, despite numerous computational studies predicting their viability. We found that reduction of a bis(N-heterocyclic carbene)-stabilized tetrabromodiborane with either two or four equivalents of sodium naphthalenide, a one-electron reducing agent, yields isolable diborene and diboryne compounds. Crystallographic and spectroscopic characterization confirm that the latter is a halide-free linear system containing a boron-boron triple bond. Explore further Citation: German team finds a way to link boron atoms with a triple bond (2012, June 15) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-06-german-team-link-boron-atoms.html Unprecedented formation of a boron-boron covalent bond opens a new corner of chemistry Journal information: Science © 2012 Phys.Org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (Phys.org) — In the chemical world, there are few instances where atoms form triple bonds (where three electrons from an atom are bonded with the electrons from another atom). In fact other than triple bonds between carbon and nitrogen few examples exist at all. One instance that theory had predicted should work was with boron, mainly because of where it sits on the Periodic Table of Elements, but also of course because in its stable state it has just three electrons. Because of this, various chemists over the years have tried to figure out a way to form a compound made of triple bonded boron atoms. Now, it appears a team in Germany at the University of Würzberg, has succeeded. They have published a paper describing their results in the journal Science. Two get two boron atoms to triple bond with one another, you can’t just shove them together and hope they will stick because they are too stable in their current state. In other words, they’ll just ignore one another. To get them to bond some external force must be introduced. Prior researchers had tried using a laser as a force, but only succeeded in creating a triple bound that could exist at eight degrees above absolute zero. At room temperature it vaporized.The German team took another approach, instead of trying to push the atoms into bonding, they coaxed them together by slowly filling the places that the three electrons can exist around the nucleus with something else, essentially leaving them no choice but to bond with the electrons from another boron atom. To do that, they introduced a molecule that contained carbon and nitrogen atoms, called a N-heterocyclic carbine (NHC) in a sterile vacuum chamber. The idea is that because main-group elements such as boron are most stable when surrounded by eight electrons, creating an environment where the boron atoms could share two electrons from the NHC would leave three openings for electrons from one boron atom to be shared with those of another. Thus, the three electrons from each would form bonds with each other naturally to create the full complement of eight electrons. To make it happen they induced a boron-boron double bond as a first step, and then a triple bond in the second.The result is a green crystal that will exist at room temperature indefinitely in the absence of air or water. Because the discovered process and resultant material is still so new, scientists don’t really know if it might be useful for anything, but the fact that the team has finally solved the riddle of how to get boron to triple bound, will assure them a place in the history books.
(Phys.org)—A team of researchers working in Japan with affiliations to several institutions in that country, has found that lab rats are able to recognize pain in the faces of other rats and avoid them when given the opportunity. In their paper published in Royal Society Open Science, the team describes experiments they carried out with rats and what they learned by doing so. Prior research has shown that both rats and mice display unique facial characteristics when undergoing pain—they flatten their face, squint their eyes, move their whiskers and puff out their cheeks and nose. Scientists have even created rodent pain charts that allow us humans to gauge the amount of pain a rodent is in, simply by looking at its face. In this new research, the team sought to learn whether the same is true for other rats.To find out, the researchers took photographs of rats, both face and whole body shots while they were feeling neutral, and others while the rats were given an electric shock to the foot—they also photo-shopped some of the photos to cause blurring of different body parts. Then, they created a special cage for a group of test rats that had never been used for any kinds of experiments before. The cage had multiple “rooms” each decorated with the photographs they had taken. One room, for example, had photos of rats in pain, another had rats with neutral faces. The rooms were all interconnected so that the rats could choose where to spend their time. After dropping rats one by one into the cage and noting their behavior (timing how much time they spent where) the researchers found that the rats spent the least amount of time in the room with unblurred full face and body shots of rats in pain and spent the most time in the rooms with walls adored with neutral faced rats. This, the researchers claim, shows that the rats were able to recognize the pain in the faces of the other rats and avoided them.The research by the team appears to answer the question of whether rodent grimacing due to pain is merely a physical reaction, or if it is meant as a sign of communication to other rats. Like humans and chimpanzees, it appears that the facial expressions serve both purposes. Journal information: Royal Society Open Science © 2015 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Receiving of emotional signal of pain from conspecifics in laboratory rats, Royal Society Open Science, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.140381AbstractThough recent studies have shown that rodents express emotions with their face, whether emotional expression in rodents has a communicative function between conspecifics is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate the ability of visual recognition of emotional expressions in laboratory rats. We found that Long-Evans rats avoid images of pain expressions of conspecifics but not those of neutral expressions. The results indicate that rats use visual emotional signals from conspecifics to adjust their behaviour in an environment to avoid a potentially dangerous place. Therefore, emotional expression in rodents, rather than just a mere ‘expression’ of emotional states, might have a communicative function. Explore further Exercise could help predict susceptibility to chronic pain Citation: Rats found able to recognize pain in other rat faces (2015, April 1) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-04-rats-pain-rat.html Image stimuli and apparatus used for preference test in rats. (a) Original photographs of pain and neutral expressions taken of three model rats. (b) Five categories of images used for preference test: original, whole-airbrushed, shuffled, body-airbrushed and face-airbrushed images. (c) The apparatus consisted of two side compartments and a central zone. Three photographs of individuals that showed either pain or neutral expressions were put in each side compartment. Credit: Royal Society Open Science, DOI: 10.1098/rsos.140381
Explore further A team of researchers with members from Poland, Australia and the U.S. has found that some types of clearwing moths fly like bees to avoid predators. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the group describes their study of the insects in Southeast Asian rainforests and what they found. Clearwing moths get their name from the transparency of their wings. This physical characteristic is just part of the disguise—the moths also have other features that resemble bees or wasps. Prior research has shown that the reason the moths have evolved to look like bees or wasps is to fool predators. Birds, for example, do not like getting stung any more than we do. But the researchers with this new effort wondered if the clearwings attempt to imitate bees and wasps in others ways. Most particularly, they wanted to know if the moths mimicked bee flight behavior. Anyone who has seen moths can attest that they tend to flutter about, like butterflies. Bees, on the other hand, tend to hover and dart from place to place. Clearwings, the researchers note, forage during the day, which means they are more likely to be targeted by predators that use sight to capture prey (as opposed to night predators such as bats, which use echolocation). They further note that it is likely that foraging during daylight hours played a strong role in clearwings developing bee and wasp-like characteristics.To learn more about clearwing behavior, the researchers traveled to several jungles in Southeast Asia, where many species of the moths live. They set up high-speed cameras and recorded the flight action of four clearwing species and then studied them later to note their flight behavior. They report that three of the bee-looking species flew in patterns clearly reminiscent of bees—the fourth looked and flew much like a wasp. The researchers noted that the clearwings that flew like bees resembled a dwarf honey bee and a type of bee that does not sting—instead it bites, which is another way to ward off predators. The researchers noted that none of the clearwings were perfect mimics but were convincing enough to fool predators, especially when they were flying. Citation: Clearwing moths found to fly like bees to enhance deception (Update) (2018, May 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-clearwing-moths-bees-deception.html The clearwing moth Heterosphecia pahangensis Skowron, 2015 resembles bees both morphologically and in its zigzag flight trajectory. Credit: Biology Letters (2018). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0152 Journal information: Biology Letters More information: Marta A. Skowron Volponi et al. Moving like a model: mimicry of hymenopteran flight trajectories by clearwing moths of Southeast Asian rainforests, Biology Letters (2018). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0152AbstractClearwing moths are known for their physical resemblance to hymenopterans, but the extent of their behavioural mimicry is unknown. We describe zigzag flights of sesiid bee mimics that are nearly indistinguishable from those of sympatric bees, whereas sesiid wasp mimics display faster, straighter flights more akin to those of wasps. In particular, the flight of the sesiids Heterosphecia pahangensis, Aschistophleps argentifasciata and Pyrophleps cruentata resembles both Tetragonilla collina and T. atripes stingless bees and, to a lesser extent, dwarf honeybees Apis andreniformis, whereas the sesiid Pyrophleps sp. resembles Tachysphex sp. wasps. These findings represent the first experimental evidence for behavioural mimicry in clearwing moths. © 2018 Phys.org Rare footage of a new clearwing moth species from Malaysia reveals its behavior This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Madhya Pradesh and its pristine beauty is a major factor in determining tourist arrival. Ashwani Lohani, MD and Commissioner Tourism, Madhya Pradesh says, ‘Come and experience the essence of India in one state!’ Lohani talks to Millennium Post about the various events, promotions, innovations and new destinations, highlighting the geodiversity of the state that will undoubtedly attract travellers to the picturesque destination. Madhya Pradesh tourism is gearing up for the Kumbh of Ujjain in 2016, the largest spiritual congregation in India beginning April 22 till May. Read on… Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Hindustan ka dil dekho has been the famous tag line of Madhya Pradesh tourism. With an array of beautiful locations and sites for tourists, where would you head next from here? What, in your opinion, are the potential tourist areas for the further development of tourism in the state?Madhya Pradesh is often described as the ‘Heart of India’. We are the finest state in the country; there is moderate weather, beautiful landscape, and simple people with a great hospitality, a progressive government and unmatched richness in tourism which deserves to be numero uno of India. Madhya Pradesh boasts of two of the most pristine hill stations, Amarkantak and Pachmarhi; awe-inspiring religious sites, national parks including Bandhavgarh National Park, Kanha National Park; the city of beautiful lakes- Bhopal and many more scenic sites. Popularly known as the ‘Tiger State of India’, MP boasts of three world heritage sites, namely Sanchi, Bhimbetka, and Khajuraho. The state offers a vibrant mix of spiritual, nature, wildlife, heritage, art and culture, and adventure tourism. Religious tourism in Sanchi, Chitrakoot, Orccha, and Omkareshwar is getting popular along with Leisure tourism where domestic tourists arrivals, especially from the growing Indian middle-class, are far more than foreign tourists arrivals to the state. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixHow would you explain ‘inbound’, ‘outbound’ and ‘domestic’ tourism in more general terms?The state has launched a unique concept through which it will promote intra-regional tourism with an apt campaign entitled Aas Pass. The campaign stresses on encouraging MP residents to explore their state. The department is using print and radio channels as a medium for promotion. We have introduced this campaign keeping in mind that it will motivate people to travel within the state and have a first-hand experience of the destination’s offerings. The number of inbound tourists is restricted by the seats in the aircrafts between India and rest of the world. Hence we focus more on domestic tourism as it is a big market for promotion. I do not look at the figures of tourists arrivals, because they do not reveal everything. If we talk about Incredible India, the number of people who desire to come down and visit the country are much more than the actual number that turns up. We too feel that it is important to inculcate the desire to visit the destination, and thus we are currently working on improving the overall experience of a tourist. How would you characterise the roles that the Central and state governments should play for the development and promotion of tourism and why is the private sector refraining from active participation in building up the infrastructure and tourist facilities in the state? The government is paying more attention in developing its hospitality sector. Government lodges are now at par with private properties. I have always believed that it is my work that should speak and today I am clear that I want the state and central governments to work more than the private sectors. But I believe the private sectors will also lay their hands in developing the state. The tourist infrastructure is being improved with assistance from the central government. The Madhya Pradesh Tourism Department has also identified a number of forts and palaces which are, in collaboration with private companies, going to be turned into heritage resorts. We have also started improving road connectivity on a war footing. The government is rationalising taxation that infringes on tourism. Both the union government and the state Governments have departments and specialised agencies dealing with specific subjects and regulations. What do you think is the USP of Madhya Pradesh tourism? What kind of events will help increase tourism during the period of Kumbh of Ujjain?Madhya Pradesh tourism is likely to emerge as a new powerhouse. The tourism corporation not only has a host of initiatives lined up, but has also set a budget and a deadline for each project. The natural beauty of Madhya Pradesh is equally varied. Consisting largely of a plateau streaked with the hill ranges of the Vindhyas and the Satpuras, Khajuraho, the State has everything. The hills give rise to the main river system — Narmada and the Tapti, running from east to west, and the Chambal, Sone, Betwa, Mahanadi west to east. Spectacular mountain ranges, meandering rivers dotted with hills and lakes and miles of dense forests offering a unique and exciting panorama of wildlife in sylvan surroundings. Innumerable monuments, exquisitely carved temples, stupas, forts and palaces on hilltops, raise in the visitors mind a vision of empires and kingdoms, of the great warriors and builders, poets and musicians, saints and philosophers. The Simhastha Kumbh at Ujjain in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh is an event, which the devout Hindus wait for 12 years. The month-long congregation brings together millions of people from across India and abroad. Driven by faith and the quest for inner peace, they converge on this holy city to be a part of a unique bathing festival. The significance of a bath in the Sipra can be gauged from a verse in the Skanda Purana. Elaborate arrangements have been made for the convenience of pilgrims.In your opinion what steps should be taken for vigorous marketing of tourist potential of the state? Are you satisfied with the quality, content and worth of the advertising prose and texts produced by the state?Madhya Pradesh tourism industry has been growing at rapid pace. Our tourism is a multi-disciplinary and encompasses various sectors like transport, hotel industry, airlines, external affairs and many allied industries. It is one of the major sources of economic growth. We focus on Road shows every month , and various advertisement campaigns. Marketing of tourism plays a vital role for economic and industrial development of our country. Marketing is an essential part of running a business. In case of tourism marketing, it involves all managerial activities of services firm or organisations to perform with the customer in mind and treating him as the hub of the firm. If there is proper planning and execution then the outcome is bound to be fruitful.
Kolkata: People from the state, who had invested through different schemes in Alchemist Group, will be getting their money back.SP Talukdar Committee, which was constituted by the Calcutta High Court, will start returning the money from July 2. It may be mentioned that as per the list prepared, there are around 1.35 lakh investors in the group of K D Singh. It has been decided that the committee will start to distribute the cheques from the first week of July itself. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe news has brought back smiles on the faces of lakhs of people and they are now eager to get their money back as early as possible. It has been decided that every day, 250 investors will be getting cheques of the exact amount that they had invested in the chit-fund schemes of the Alchemist Group. The committee was set up in December 2015. The list of investors has been prepared and it also includes the amount of money they had invested. In the first phase, people who had invested amounts under Rs 10,000, will be getting the cheques. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedIt may be recalled that the state government had formed the Shyamal Sen Commission to probe into Saradha Group’s chit fund scam and to recommend the process of refunding the money. The Commission had even started refunding the money of the people who had invested in Saradha Group’s chit fund schemes. After five long years, people who had invested in the schemes of Alchemist Group, are going to get their money back. It may be mentioned that complaints had been lodged against the Alchemist Group with three different police stations of Kolkata in April 2017 and it was alleged that the complainants had not got back the money that they had invested. Based on the complaints, cases under various sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) were filed under charges of cheating (420 IPC), criminal breach of trust (406 IPC) and criminal conspiracy (120B). Moreover, Kolkata Police had also formed a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to probe into the allegations. The Directorate of Economic Offence (DEO) had also initiated a probe in connection with the allegations against Alchemist Group. The state government has also introduced the West Bengal Protection of Interest of Depositors in Financial Establishments Act, to avoid repetition of such chit-fund scams in future.